How to count from 1 to 10 in vietnamese

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Learn How To Count in Vietnamese // A Great Guide to Vietnamese Numbers (with Flashcards & Bonus Quiz)

Learning the numbers in any language is a fruitful step to make – so with that said today we will teach you all the Vietnamese Numbers.

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It’s not as daunting as it might seem and it can open a number of doors you may’ve not thought about.

Think about birthdays and datesThink about phone numbersThink about if you’re a lover of Maths!Think about ordering a number of… (items, food etc)

The possibilities are vast when you nail the numbers in any language, and Vietnamese is no different.

Let’s learn how to count from 1 to 100, and then 1,000 and beyond with this guide on how to say all the Vietnamese numbers!

Vietnamese Numbers | Counting from 1-10

Vietnamese Numbers | Counting from 10-20

Vietnamese Numbers | Counting from 20-100

Vietnamese Numbers | Counting from 100-1,000

Vietnamese Numbers | Counting Beyond 1,000

BONUS | FREE Quiz

Vietnamese Numbers | FAQ’s


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Bring the Vietnamese Numbers to life with Tammy

Vietnamese Numbers | 1-10

First thing to note about Vietnamese numbers.

In Vietnamese, we say “số” which means “number” then the name of that number.

So for numbers from 1-10, here is how you pronounce them:

NumberIn Vietnamese
1SỐ MỘT
2SỐ HAI
3SỐ BA
4SỐ BỐN
5SỐ NĂM
6SỐ SÁU
7SỐ BẢY
8SỐ TÁM
9SỐ CHÍN
10SỐ MƯỜI

DID YOU KNOW – the number 2 “hai” in Vietnamese is a homophone with the greeting “hi” in English.

That’s why many young Vietnamese who know a bit of English would usually use the classic V – holding up two fingers – as a friendly greeting.

They are saying “Hi!” to you!


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Now that you have learned how the Vietnamese Numbers from 1-10 are written, how doyou pronounce them?

Well, I have just the song for you!

“Hai Phút Hơn” – “More than two minutes” by Pháo, took TikTok by storm with the extremely ear-catching jingle counting from one to four in Vietnamese.

If you have Tiktok you are sure to know this tune (see the video below). Here are the lyrics, can you hear them in the song?

Một hai ba bốn ba hai mộtOne two three four three two one

Hình như anh nói anh say rồi?You seem to say that you are drunk?

Một hai ba bốn ba hai mộtOne two three four three two one

Hình như anh nói anh yêu em rồi.You seem to say that you have fallen in love with me?


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Vietnamese Numbers | 11-20

With Vietnamese numbers we have the blessing of not needing to remember the new words eleven and twelve, as you do in English.

It’s actually really easy because we just use the format mười + number

NumberIn Vietnamese
11mười một
12mười hai**
13mười ba
14mười bốn
15mười lăm/mười nhăm*
16mười sáu
17mười bảy
18mười tám
19mười chín
20hai mươi

Can you see the pattern? It’s quite easy to follow isn’t it.

We just take the number for 10 and then add on the next digit. There are a couple of notes though.


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For the number 15 – (*) “lăm/nhăm” is a casual phonetic variation of “năm”, and usually occurs when the number 5 shows up in the unit of a two-digit number in daily conversation (such as 25, 45 etc).

“Lăm” is more popular in the Southern dialect while “nhăm” is a Northern variation.

For the number 12 – (**) Similarly to English, Vietnamese people also have a different word for “a dozen”, which is “một tá”.

It is more commonly used for when you are shopping for a dozen eggs – một tá trứng.

Vietnamese Numbers | 20-100

Going up to 100 in Vietnamese numbers is straightforward now we have the basics nailed down.

We use the theory we learned from 11-20.

Number + 10 + Number

Pronunciation – Number+ mươi + number

Here are some examples

NumberIn Vietnamese
21hai mươi mốt*
32ba mươi hai
43bốn mươi ba
54năm mươi bốn
65sáu mươi lăm

Regarding the number 21 (*) “mốt” is a phonetic variation of 1 – “một”. It also only applies for two-digit numbers from 20 upwards.

Here are the multiples of 10 up to 100 also.

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NumberIn Vietnamese
30ba mươi
40bốn mươi
50năm mươi
60sáu mươi
70bảy mươi
80tám mươi
90chín mươi
100một trăm/trăm

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There are some other things to note as well.

For even numbers, “mươi” can also be pronounced as “chục”, which means the same thing.

“Mươi” can be used for both odd and even numbers. For example, you can pronounce 80 as” tám mươi” or “tám chục” but you can’t pronounce 99 as “chín chục chín”, only “chín mươi chín” is acceptable.

4 can be pronounced as “tư” (especially in the South) except for when talking about Maths.

25 has another phonetic variation, which is “hăm lăm” where “hăm” is the shortened version of “hai mươi” or 20 and “lăm” is the phonetic variation of “năm” or 5.

Don’t worry if all this seems a lot to take in, it’s not essential you remember all these rules straight away. Every language has it’s quirks with numbers and just takes a little practice and exposure.

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Vietnamese Numbers | Counting from 100-1,000

Learning bigger numbers in Vietnamese is actually quite useful. The Vietnamese currency which is the Dong, uses very large denominations.

For example:

1 British Pound is roughly 30,000 Vietnamese Dong1 US Dollar is roughly 23,000 Vietnamese Dong1 Euro is roughly 27,000 Vietnamese Dong

When talking about prices it’s therefore quite useful to not dismiss those numbers, but learn them.

With that in mind, we now make our journey up to 1,000 before going even further.

NumberIn Vietnamese
101một trăm lẻ một
203hai trăm lẻ ba
405bốn trăm lẻ năm
708bảy trăm lẻ tám
909chín trăm chín
number + trăm lẻ + number

DID YOU KNOW – There is another way to pronounce the word “lẻ”, which is “linh”.

While “linh” is a Sino Vietnamese word that is popular in the Northern Vietnamese accent, “lẻ” is a pure Vietnamese word commonly used in the South.

Now for the next structure…

number + 100 + number + 10 + number

number + trăm + number + mươi + number

NumberIn Vietnamese
500năm trăm
121một trăm hai mươi mốt
235hai trăm ba mươi lăm
698sáu trăm chín mươi tám
754bảy trăm năm mươi bốn
number + trăm + number + mươi + number

Once again for clarity, here are the round hundreds up to 1,000.

NumberIn Vietnamese
200haitrăm
300batrăm
400bốntrăm
500nămtrăm
600sáutrăm
700bảytrăm
800támtrăm
900chíntrăm
1,000một nghìn/nghìn

You can see that learning the numbers in Vietnamese isn’t all that bad once you’ve gotten to grips with 1-10!

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Vietnamese Dialects // North or South?

North vs South? Vietnamese dialects can vary quite significantly. This is one of the very early questions a Vietnamese learner asks themselves.


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Moving into the realms of large Vietnamese numbers isn’t all that scary either.

Why?

Because the same structure is adhered to.

For the following examples we just take the word we’ve learnt for 1,000 (nghìn) and add the preceding digit.

Let’s take a look…

NumberIn Vietnamese
2,000hainghìn
3,000banghìn
4,000bốnnghìn
5,000nămnghìn
6,000sáunghìn
7,000bảynghìn
8,000támnghìn
9,000chínnghìn
10,000mười nghìn

To go even higher, we just need to learn the measure word for each additional unit.

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NumberIn Vietnamese
1,000một nghìn/nghìn
10,000chục nghìn
100,000trăm nghìn
1,000,000 (million)một triệu/triệu
10,000,000 (ten million)mười triệu
100,000,000 (hundred million)trăm triệu
1,000,000,000 (billion)tỷ

That pretty much sums up how to count in Vietnamese. Use the structures you’ve read and you’ll be absolutely fine.

It takes a little practice but we advise you practice 1-10 and then up to 100. Take your time and you’ll be a master of Vietnamese Numbers in next to no time!

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Let our mascot Lex help you with the numbers in Vietnamese!

Feeling brave? Why not take on our quick-fire quiz here…

Vietnamese Numbers | Quiz

OK so now we’ve taught you how to count in Vietnamese, let’s see how much you remembered?!

We’ve prepared a nice, friendly quiz which is 20 questions long but super fast!

It’s multiple choice and results are instant, come and have a go and share your result if you get a great score!