Vietnamese has long been known for their rich spiritual life và a visit lớn Tran Quoc Pagoda will certainly illuminate this thesis.

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Located on a small peninsula on the East side of Hanoi West Lake, Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority is regarded as the most ancient pagoda in Hanoi with its history line dating baông xã to lớn more than 1,500 years. 

The architecture of this Buddhist center is a subtle combination between the solemn và beautiful landscape on the peaceful and quiet ambiance of West Lake’s surface. Thanks to lớn these historical và architectural values, Tran Quoc Pagoda attracts many tourists lớn pay a visit, both inside và outside of Hanoi.

Tran Quoc Pagoda iconic stupa lit up at night


Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority was first named “Khai Quoc” (Opening a country) during King Ly Nam De Dynasty, between year 544 and 548 on the bark of Red River (approximately within Yen Phu Ward, Tay Ho District now). Till the 15th century, during King Le Thai Tong reign, it was renamed lớn “An Quoc”, which means a peaceful country.

In 1915, due to a serious landslide ingrained into lớn the pagoda’s foundation that made the incumbent government & people to move sầu the whole construction to Kyên ổn Ngư Island on the East of West Lake, & this is Tran Quoc Pagoda’s current location that you can witness in this day và age.


The renaming process didn’t stop until it was changed to lớn the name “Tran Quoc Pagoda”, meaning protecting the country, during King Le Huy Tong dynasty (1681-1705). Through each name of the pagoda, we can see a milestone of the country as well as the wishes of its people attached lớn this holy sanctuary.

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Landscape và Architecture

Famous for stunning scenery & sacred sanctuary, Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority used to lớn be a favorite sightseeing place of many kings và lords of Vietphái mạnh, especially during festivals, full moon days or Tet. Up until now, the pagodomain authority can still preserve sầu its fame although the landscape has been affected by urbanization.

Besides the front gate facing the crowded Tkhô cứng Nien Road, this 3,000mét vuông complex is surrounded by sliver tide of West Lake, and is designed according khổng lồ strict rules of Buddhist architecture with many layers of buildings và three main houses called “Tiền Đường”, a house for burning incense và thượng điện. These rooms are connected with each other lớn size a Công script (工).

Photo by David Emrich on Unsplash

The precinct of Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority is highlighted by a high stupage authority that you may recognize from a far erected in 1998. This stupa is composed of 11 floors with a height of 15m; each floor has a vaulted window holding a statue of Amitabha made from gemstone. On the top stands a nine-storey lotus (Cửu đỉnh liên hoa) & is also gemstone. This stupage authority is situated symmetrically with the 50-year-old Bodhi tree gifted by former Indian President on the occasion of his visit lớn Hanoi in 1959. Abbot Thich Tkhô nóng Nha of Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority explains the meaning of this correlation: “The lotus represent Buddha while the Bodhi is a symbol of supreme knowledge”.

Not only that, Tran Quoc is also a small museum of priceless antiques dated thousands to hundreds years old like worshiping statues in the front house. These statues are all engraved và polished meticulously by skillful craftsmen, which all bear spectacular features. Among mỏi them, the outstanding one is the statue “Thích ca thập niết bàn”, which is evaluated as the most beautiful statue of Vietnam giới.

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With all the historical và architectural values it possesses, Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority is not only worth visiting as a sacred sanctuary of Buddhism attracting countless Buddhist believers; but also an indispensible destination for cultural explorers to lớn Vietphái mạnh.

Things lớn know before you go

Pagodas are sacred places for Vietnamese, so make sure you observe sầu local rules.As the oldest pagodomain authority in Hanoi, & an important religious center, Tran Quoc pagoda attracts many local especially on the first & fifteenth day of each lunar month, or on important events such as Vesak và Tet holiday. If you happen to lớn see crowds or dedicated Buddhists praying, refrain from taking photos and/or making loud noise.Proper clothing is to be expected, which means no shorts or sleeveless shirts are allowed.Leave sầu your shoes outside before entering any indoors area.

Useful Information

Location: Tran Quoc Pagodomain authority Best for: Solo, Family, Couple Entrance: Free Hours: 8:00 - 16:00, everyday Distance khổng lồ thành phố center: 2.3km (1.4 mi)